Chinese English

  • Welcome to Microhm
Position:Home » Technical Articles

Current Sense Resistors for Accurate Current Measurement

Writer:Microhm Page View:Date:2019-09-16
Current sense resistors are recognized as cost-effective components that help improve system efficiency and reduce losses due to their high measurement accuracy compared to other technologies. Microhm Electronics' metal foil resistor MPR series, high precision resistor MVR series and shunt resistor MMS series are popular in current sensing for applications in virtually all market segments, current sense resistors are particularly useful in helping developers precisely measure current in their automotive, industrial and computer electronics designs.

Global trends such as the demand for lower CO2 emissions, the smartening of the electricity supply grid and the electrification of our automobiles are all driving the need for electronic circuits to
become more efficient. For circuit designers and systems operators, understanding what level of current is flowing through a circuit and being delivered to a load can be very helpful. Maximizing the operating performance of a battery, controlling motor speeds, and the ability to hot swap server units are examples of applications that can all benefit from the use of accurate current measurement.

Current sense resistors work by detecting and converting current to voltage. These devices feature very low resistance values, and therefore, cause only an insignificant voltage drop of 10 to 130 mV in the application. A shunt resistor is placed in series with the electrical load whereby all the current to be measured will flow through it. Following Ohm’s law, a voltage drop is generated across the resistor of known value, which is proportional to the current. The voltage drop across the resistor can be measured by various amplifier options such as operational, difference and instrumentation amplifiers.
To choose the right current sense resistor for a given application, it is important to look at the input common-mode voltage specification. Input common-mode voltage is the average voltage present at the input terminals of the amplifier.


Latest News

Hot Articles

Resistance applications